Evolution of lithium batteries for traction applications
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Abstract: Past work and significant progress that have prompted the current focus on electrochemical energy storage devices for traction applications are reviewed in the context of large-format lithium ion batteries. We highlight the importance of thermodynamics, interfacial kinetics, and transport phenomena on the system behavior. We close by examining the linkage between detailed modeling studies and adaptive algorithms for the real-time state estimation of electrochemical energy storage devices
Mark Verbrugge started his GM career in 1986 with the GM Research Labs after receiving his doctorate in Chemical Engineering from the College of Chemistry at the University of California (Berkeley). Mark has published and patented in topic areas associated with electroanalytical methods, polymer electrolytes, advanced batteries and supercapacitors, fuel cells, high-temperature air-to-fuel-ratio sensors, surface coatings, compound semiconductors, and various manufacturing processes related to automotive applications of structural materials.
Mark’s research efforts resulted in his receiving the Norman Hackerman Young Author Award (1990) and the Energy Technology Award (1993) from the Electrochemical Society as well as GM internal awards including the John M. Campbell Award (1992) and the Charles L. McCuen Award (2003). In 2006, Mark received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the United States Council for Automotive Research.
In 1996, Mark was awarded a Sloan Fellowship to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received an MBA. Mark returned from MIT in 1997 to join GM’s Advanced Technology Vehicles (ATV) as Chief Engineer for Energy Management Systems. In 2002, Mark rejoined the GM Research Labs as Director of the Materials and Processes Lab, which maintains global research programs ranging from chemistry, physics, and materials science to the development of structural subsystems and energy storage devices. Mark is a Board Member of the United States Automotive Materials Partnership and the United States Advanced Battery Consortium, an adjunct professor for the Department of Physics, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, and he serves as the GM Technical Director for HRL Laboratories, LLC, jointly owned by GM and Boeing.