Efficient Neural Computing using Cellular Array of Magneto-Metallic Neurons
Add to Google Calendar
Recent experiments with lateral spin valves (LSV) have shown switching of nano-magnets using spin polarized current through a metallic channel such as Cu. Such lateral spin valves with multiple input magnets connected to an output magnet using metal channels can be used to mimic "neurons" , leading to the possibility of ultra low power, low-voltage neuromorphic computing. In this work we will present an ultra low energy, "on-sensor' image processing architecture, based on cellular array of maneto-metallic neurons. The low resistance, magneto-metallic neurons operate at a small terminal of ~20mV, while performing analog computation upon photo sensor inputs. The static current-flow across the device terminals is limited to small periods, corresponding to magnet switching time, and, is determined by a low duty-cycle system-clock. Thus, the energy-cost of analog mode processing, inevitable in most image sensing applications, is reduced and made comparable to that of dynamic and leakage power consumption in peripheral CMOS units. Performance of the proposed architecture for some common image sensing and processing applications like, feature extraction, halftone compression and digitization, have been obtained through physics based device simulation framework (benchmarked with experimental data), coupled with SPICE. Results indicate that the proposed design scheme can achieve ~100X reduction in computation energy compared to the state of art CMOS designs, that are based on conventional mixed-signal image acquisition and processing schemes.
Kaushik Roy received B.Tech. degree in electronics and electrical communications engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India, and Ph.D. degree from the electrical and computer engineering department of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1990. He was with the Semiconductor Process and Design Center of Texas Instruments, Dallas, where he worked on FPGA architecture development and low-power circuit design. He joined the electrical and computer engineering faculty at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, in 1993, where he is currently a Professor and holds the Roscoe H. George Chair of Electrical & Computer Engineering. His research interests include Spintronics, device-circuit co-design for nano-scale Silicon and non-Silicon technologies, low-power electronics for portable computing and wireless communications, and new computing models enabled by emerging technologies. Dr. Roy has published more than 600 papers in refereed journals and conferences, holds 15 patents, graduated 56 PhD students, and is co-author of two books on Low Power CMOS VLSI Design (John Wiley & McGraw Hill).
Dr. Roy received the National Science Foundation Career Development Award in 1995, IBM faculty partnership award, ATT/Lucent Foundation award, 2005 SRC Technical Excellence Award, SRC Inventors Award, Purdue College of Engineering Research Excellence Award, Humboldt Research Award in 2010, 2010 IEEE Circuits and Systems Society Technical Achievement Award, Distinguished Alumnus Award from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, and best paper awards at 1997 International Test Conference, IEEE 2000 International Symposium on Quality of IC Design, 2003 IEEE Latin American Test Workshop, 2003 IEEE Nano, 2004 IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, 2006 IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Low Power Electronics & Design, and 2005 IEEE Circuits and system society Outstanding Young Author Award (Chris Kim), 2006 IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems best paper award, 2012 ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design best paper award. Dr. Roy was a Purdue University Faculty Scholar (1998-2003). He was a Research Visionary Board Member of Motorola Labs (2002) and held the M.K. Gandhi Distinguished Visiting faculty at Indian Institute of Technology (Bombay). He has been in the editorial board of IEEE Design and Test, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, and IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. He was Guest Editor for Special Issue on Low-Power VLSI in the IEEE Design and Test (1994) and IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems (June 2000), IEE Proceedings — Computers and Digital Techniques (July 2002), and IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems (2011). Dr. Roy is a fellow of IEEE.